It’s not all democratization

Oh man… But yep, there was a priestly caste in Egypt!!! And more, many priests had also priestly functions in other temples…

Peaceful Awakenings: Reflections of Egypt

Up to the Middle Kingdom, many priests, especially those in the lowest category, were the sons of non-priestly parents. But by the Twentieth Dynasty, and in some cases as early as Dynasty XII, priestly status seems to have become hereditary, with purely priestly families coming into being. Later on, perhaps as early as the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, and certainly by the Ptolemaic period, admittance to the priesthood was restricted to persons of priestly descent.

– Barbara Watterson, The House of Horus at Edfu: Ritual in an Ancient Egyptian Temple

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